Mass Extinction

The Qiyamah al-Wustha

When the punishment (in Q17:58) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring forth beastly brutes (of methane) from the earth who will torment them. (Q27:82)

The proof for "tipping point" or "the point of no return (tawba)"

Tipping Point Definition

1. Tipping Level

Climate forcing (greenhouse gas amount reaches the point that no additional forcing is required for large climate change and impacts. 

2. Point of No Return (No Tawba)

The climate system reaches a point with unstoppable irreversible climate impacts (irreversible on a practical time scale). 

Example: the disintegration of large ice sheets.

Turn in repentance to your Lord and submit to Him before the punishment comes upon you. Then you cannot be helped ˹for the door of repentance and forgiveness is closed forever˺ (39:54) On the day that one of your Lord´s Signs ˹for the point of no return˺ does come, no iman which a self professes will be of any use to it if it did not have iman before and earn good in its iman (6:158)

Musa chose seventy men from his people for Our appointed time and when the earthquake seized them he said, ´My Lord, if You had willed, You could have destroyed them previously and me as well. Would you destroy us for what the fools among us did? It was only a trial from You by which You misguided those You willed and guided those You willed. You are our Protector so forgive us and have mercy on us. You are the Best of Forgivers. Prescribe good for us in this world and the Next World. We have truly turned ˹in Tawba˺ to You.´

Allah said, ´As for My punishment, I strike with it anyone I will. My mercy extends to all things but I will prescribe ˹acceptance of Tawba˺ for those who have taqwa and contribute toward betterment, and those who believe in Our Signs: ie. those who follow the Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, whom they find written down with them in the Torah and the Gospel, commanding them to do right and forbidding them to do wrong, making pure things halal for them and impure things haram for them, relieving them of their heavy loads and the chains which were around them. Those who have iman in him and honour him and help him, and follow the Light that has been sent down with him, ˹only˺ they are the ones who are successful ˹in making Tawba˺.´(7:155-157)